Oswald the Octopus

Emergent Literacy

Lauren DeLaRosa

Students need to learn the relationships between phonemes and graphemes before they can become fluent readers. In this lesson children will learn the phoneme /o/; represented by O. Students will recognize the /o/ in spoken words by learning meaningful representations (yawning), a tongue tickler, finding /o/ in spoken words, and completing a worksheet where they will have to identify the words that have the /o/ sound.


Chart with "Oswald the Octopus plays with Otters in October"
Primary Paper


Paper with a person yawning

Book: My "O" Sound Box

Worksheet with /o/ sounds

Paper with the letter "O"


I know that sometimes knowing which sound goes with what letter is tricky so today we are going to work on the letter
 O. (Show them the letter O on a piece of paper) The letter O sounds a lot like a yawn. (Demonstrate) Can you make the /o/ sound?


Next we are going to say a tongue tickler. (Bring out the poster board with the tongue twister) "Oswald the Octopus plays with Otters in October." Now we are going to say it together but we are going to stretch out all the o's we hear. "Oooswald the oooctupus plays with oootters in Oooctober!"


Now I am going to say some words and I want you to tell me which one you hear the /o/ sound we have been practicing. 
Do you hear /o/ in:
Sock or rid

Rod or hard
Hot or pin
Box or dug
Mock or broom

I am going to give you some paper and we are going to practice writing Os. First I will demonstrate for you how to properly write a lowercase and uppercase "O." Now you try and write 5 of each.


The next activity you get to do is read, My "O" Sound Box. It is about a little boy who tries to find things in his house that have the /o/ sound. What will he find?


The last activity that you're going to do is to look at the worksheet and draw a line to all the pictures that have a /o/ sound.


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